Organic food standards are a set of regulations and guidelines that define how organic food should be produced, processed, and labeled. These standards vary depending on the country and certification body, but in general, they aim to promote the use of natural and sustainable resources while minimizing the use of synthetic materials.

In Canada, the standards for organic food are set by the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA). The organic standards include requirements for:

  1. Pesticides: Organic farmers are not allowed to use synthetic pesticides and must use natural pest management techniques.

  2. Fertilizers: Organic farmers must use natural sources of fertilizer, such as compost and manure, and cannot use synthetic fertilizers.

  3. GMOs: Organic farming prohibits the use of genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

  4. Livestock: Organic livestock must have access to the outdoors and be fed organic feed. They cannot be given growth hormones or antibiotics, except in cases of illness.

  5. Processing: Organic food processing must use natural methods and cannot use synthetic preservatives, colors, or flavors.

  6. Inspection and certification: Organic farms and food processors are subject to regular inspections to ensure that they meet organic standards.

Other countries have their own organic standards and certification programs, which may be more or less strict than the Canadian organic standards. However, most organic certification programs require that farmers and processors follow a set of best practices to protect the environment, promote animal welfare, and produce high-quality food.