In Canada, the Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) is responsible for certifying organic products. The CFIA has established a national standard for organic production, called Canada Organic Regime (COR), which sets guidelines for organic farming and food processing.
To be certified organic, a product must meet the following criteria:
It must be produced without the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, or genetically modified organisms (GMOs).
It must be produced using sustainable farming practices that promote soil health, biodiversity, and animal welfare.
It must be processed without the use of irradiation, sewage sludge, or synthetic preservatives.
It must be handled, packaged, and labelled according to specific guidelines.
Organic products that are certified by the CFIA will carry the Organic Product Symbol, which is a green and white symbol with the words "Canada Organic" written in the middle.
There are also several third-party certifiers in Canada that are accredited by the CFIA, such as Pro-Cert Organic Systems, Ecocert Canada, and Quality Assurance International, to name a few. These certifiers inspect and certify organic farms, processors and products according to the same standards set by CFIA and also issue the Organic Product Symbol to the products that meet the standards.